What is Computer Crime I Types of Computer Crimes

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Do you want to know what is computer crime, if your answer is yes, then this post is made for you.

In this article, I will help you to clear your about concepts about computer crime.

Computer is playing a great role in our life, as computer is part of just about everything that touches our lives like education, business, banking, medical diagnosis, communication, entertainment etc.

As we are living in a digital era, it is very essential to have the knowledge about how computers are used in and what are the computer crimes so that we can able to protect our valuable information and prevent the computer crimes.

I think, we all are little bit known about what is Crime ?

Crime is an illegal act for which someone can be punished by the government for the violation of law.

But, here I am going to discuss about the different type of crime, which nothing physically being taken or stolen, i.e. called Computer Crime or Digital Crime or Electronic Crime.

Let’s dive in.

What is Computer Crime ?

Computer crime is an act performed by highly technical and knowledgeable person by the use of computer to steal money, goods, software, companies and individual’s confidential information in unauthorized way.

Computer Crimes can be committed when the computer application process or data are manipulate to accept false or unauthorised transactions.

If computer systems connected to internet, computer criminal can perform crime with absolutely nothing physically being taken or stolen, they can be done at the ease of logging in from home or any other places.

Committing crimes that exploit the computer and the information it contains can be damaging to the reputations, financial loss, loss of credibility, blackmail, disclosure of confidential/ sensitive information and sabotage etc.  

Who are Computer Criminals?

Criminals in computer crimes are often the same people who exploit physical exposures, although the skills needed to exploit logical exposures are more technical and complex.

Computer criminals are the individuals or a team of people who use the computer and advance technology to steal the sensitive information of any company or individual through online or digital systems with the intention of generating profit.

Types of Computer Criminals

Common computer criminals are:

  • Hackers
  • Crackers
  • Script Kiddies
  • Stalkers
  • Phreakers

What are the different types of Computer Crimes ?

With the advancement of technology, computer criminals are also finding new ways to commit a crime. Common computer crimes are :

  • Botnets– A strategically developed network of bots which crawl the backend of the web to spread malware with very little detection.
  • Brute force– Brute force is an attack launched by an intruder using password cracking tools and attempts to gain unauthorized access to network of any organizations or host based systems.
  • Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)– It occurs when multiple compromised systems flood the bandwidth or resources of the targeted system.
  • Email Bombing and Spamming– Characterized by abusers repeatedly sending an identical e-mail message to a particular address.  
  • Email Spoofing– A user receives an e-mail message that appears to have originated from one source but actually was sent from another source with attempt to trick the user into making a damaging statement or releasing sensitive information.
  • Flooding– It is a type of attack that brings down a network or service by flooding it with large amounts of traffic.
  • Logic Bomb– A program that is triggered and sabotage of computer systems are commonly deployed by disgruntled insiders who have access to programs.
  • Trap Doors– It is bits of code embedded in programs by programmers to quickly gain access during the testing or debugging phase.  
  • Masquerading– It is an active attack in which the intruder presents an identity other than the original identity to gain access to sensitive data.
  • Pulsing Zombie– An attack in which a network is subjected to hostile pinging by different attacker computers over an extended time period.  
  • Phishing– The criminally fraudulent process of attempting to acquire sensitive information by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.
  • Salami– It involves slicing small amounts of money from a computerized transaction or account.

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Looking to learn more about Computer Science, you can check out our other articles published in our website, which also listed below for your ready reference:

Satyajit Nath

Satyajit is graduate in Information Technology and MS in Computer Science from the Manipal University, is also founder of SatyajitBlogs, Tazahindi and many other online ventures. He loves to writing about tech topics, like computer science, web designing, programming, computer architecture & blogging.

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