What is Computer Security and how to protect from attacks

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Do you want to know what is computer security and how to protect your computer from security attack, if your answer is yes, then this post is made for you.

In this article, I will help you to understand about concepts of computer security, threats, virus & how to protect your system from attackers.

Let’s get started.

A computer system is a collection of hardware, software, storage media, data and people that an organization or individual uses to perform any computing tasks.

Computers are designed for personal and individual use and hence security and protection features were minimal.

With the advancement of internet and networking people have access to data and code from present location as well as remote locations or far from distance.

Data sharing and remote data access have increased the requirements of security and protection.

What is Computer Security ?

Computer security is the protection of computer systems and information from harm, theft, unauthorized use and security attackers. It is the process of preventing and detecting unauthorized use of your computer system.

Why Computer Security is needed?

Security plays a vital role in our life. We are normally seen a well versed “Security System” has been set up in our every society/ residential complex, as a result, if any unauthorized person tries to enter our house, the security system automatically alarms the neighbors or the police.

In the same line, Computer security is very essential in today’s life because we are store and share valuable information about our customers and our organizations, which may be damaged by hostile software or intruders.

Information security is concerned with the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information assets.

Computer system has three interrelated and valuable components i.e. hardware, software and valuable data.

There are several forms of damage which are obviously interrelated. These are

  • Damage or destruction of computer systems
  • Damage or destruction of internal data
  • Loss of sensitive information
  • Steal elements of monitory value
  • Use of customers
  • Damage to the reputation of any organization

What is computer security attack ?

The ways in which the system’s security can malfunction and diminish the value of it assets.  Any action that compromises the security of information owned by a organization is called security attack. Those people who execute such actions, or cause them to be executed are called attackers.

Types of computer security threats / attacks

There are various types of threats which a computing system would encounter. Most common threats are:

  • Interception
  • Interruption
  • Passive attacks
  • Active attacks

What are the different ways to protect computing system ?

Computer security has various techniques to control. We may try to prevent intrusions.  It is very impossible to stop them all, we may install a detection device to warn an imminent attack.

Various controls / protection methods are:

  • Encryption
  • Software controls
  • Hardware controls

What are the different types of Computer Security?

  • Network security
  • IP Security
  • Web Security
  • Electronic Mail Security
  • Firewalls

Thanks for reading this article,

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Satyajit Nath

Satyajit is graduate in Information Technology and MS in Computer Science from the Manipal University, is also founder of SatyajitBlogs, Tazahindi and many other online ventures. He loves to writing about tech topics, like computer science, web designing, programming, computer architecture & blogging.

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